Marin Search & Rescue Composite Squadron 23
Main Content

Standard Operating Procedure


    1. CAP regulations supersede any rule or guideline contained in this SOP. Should a National, Region, Wing, or Group CAP regulation conflict with a Squadron 23 regulation, the National, Region, Wing, or Group regulation will prevail. Any document of the same title with a later date of publication supersedes this document. 

    2. Squadron members will strictly adhere to the guidelines established by the Cadet Protection Policy CAPR 60-1. Exceptions only as authorized, per regulation, by the Squadron Commander. 

    3. Squadron 23 does not mandate dues from its cadet members. However, it is requested that members donate to the squadron if they are financially able to do so. It is also requested that outgrown or no longer used uniform items such as rank insignia or ribbons that are still in good condition be donated. 

    4. OPEN DOOR POLICY: All Cadet Programs Staff Members will maintain an “open door” policy. All cadets are encouraged to use it appropriately. A cadet requesting to meet any staff member must notify their immediate superior i.e., Flight Sergeant. The cadet wanting to meet with the Senior Staff Member does not need to tell their immediate superior their reasoning for the meeting request. No cadet will be denied a meeting with the Senior Member Staff or Cadet Executive Staff. 

    5. As a cadet of the Civil Air Patrol, you must follow all local and federal laws, especially because you are a representative of a volunteer organization. While you wear the uniform of the Civil Air Patrol, you will follow all lawful regulations and any lawful and safe orders you receive from a properly constituted authority. Repercussions can range from demotion in the CAP Cadet Program to termination of CAP membership. 

    6. Recruitment is not a requirement; however, it is looked upon highly when going for promotions, awards, and commendations. A larger squadron means more and better training opportunities for everyone. Recruiting comes from all members. Recruiting materials or recommended actions are available for those who ask. 

    7. “Participating actively in unit activities” also includes participation in activities outside of weekly meetings, such as weekend activities and training days. 


    1. All Cadets are expected to perform activities in a safe manner. 

    2. CADET PROTECTION POLICY ADHERENCE: There must be a minimum of two leadership adults supervising any cadet activity in Squadron 23. In order to adhere to CPP and keep both Seniors and Cadets safe, a cadet must not be in a one-on-one private situation with a Senior Member. There must always be three people present in private conversations. 

    3. CADET STAFF: Each Cadet Staff Member is entrusted with directing and commanding groups of cadets. Therefore, it is their duty to ensure the safety and well-being of their cadets in any situation or activity, especially during group activities such as PT or drill. They must be vigilant and aware of the needs of their cadets. 

    4. BUILDING SAFETY: Running, horseplay, or engaging in any unusual activity – i.e., climbing on the desks, excessive hopping, or physical games, is prohibited both inside, and within close proximity to the squadron headquarters. Furthermore, all furnishings and installations will be utilized in accordance with their express purpose. 

    5. FIRE: Personal safety is paramount. Fire and fire hazards must be reported immediately to the chain of command and the Cadet and Senior Safety Officers. All Squadron members must know how to safely exit the building and where fire prevention equipment is located. 

    6. OUTDOOR ACTIVITIES: Cadet Staff will inspect outdoor conditions before leading cadets outside. The Staff must be aware of possible hazards – such as inclement weather and moving vehicles. Cadet Staff will carry a flashlight when conducting outdoor activities after sundown. In activities outside the squadron lot and Drill Field, road guards will be utilized for each flight with them and cadre wearing reflective vests. 

    7. FIRST AID: If a cadet is injured, they will immediately notify a Cadet Staff member who will then notify a Senior Staff member. A portable first aid kit may be carried by a Cadet Staff member if qualified by a recognized authority - i.e., American Red Cross, with permission from the Squadron Commander. The Senior Staff must be notified of any request for first aid attention, and any injuries will be documented by Senior Staff. 

    8. SERIOUS INJURY OR ILLNESS: Any serious injury or illness suffered during a Squadron meeting or activity must be immediately brought to the attention of any Senior Staff member. Local Medical Facilities - for severe injuries sustained at the squadron, the contacted Senior Member will immediately contact Emergency Services to transport the cadet to the nearest medical facility (hospital). 

    9. SAFETY HAZARDS: It is the duty of every Squadron member to be identify safety hazards and notify the Cadet or Senior Safety Officers and the Squadron Commander either directly or through the Chain of Command. 

    10. PARKING LOT: Squadron 23’s Drill Field and the majority of its outdoor activities are located in the squadron parking-lot. During meetings and for cadet activities, the parking lot will be closed to incoming traffic and the central parking grid will be off-limits. However, cadets must pay attention to identify hazards such as moving vehicles and uneven pavement in order to prevent injury. All cadets moving around the parking lot and outside must be accompanied by a wingman. 

    11. FLIGHT LINE: No person is allowed on airport taxiways or runways without specific authorization. When on an active flight line (where airplanes are allowed to operate), at any airport, wear of the cap is prohibited. Caps may be drawn into aircraft intakes or spinning propellers. Do not chase a cap that is blowing on a flight line. It may be going towards a spinning propeller. Do not approach a spinning propeller or jet intake. Because the most important thing on a flight line is safety, salutes will not be rendered. Pay attention! 

    12. PRIVATELY OWNED VEHICLES: Cadets may drive themselves to the meeting and return to the vehicle during activity or meeting hours in order to recover property. However, when at a Civil Air Patrol activity, a cadet’s vehicle must remain stationary at all times unless given permission to do so by a Senior Member. No cadet will enter the vehicle or turn it on during the meeting with the exception of for the purpose of recovering property. No cadets will leave before the meeting has ended without Senior Member approval or before they have signed out. 

    13. ARRIVAL/DEPARTURE: All cadets will sign in upon arrival and sign out after dismissal. No cadet will leave before dismissal without approval from a Senior Member. Cadets must go through their Chain of Command to request early dismissal. 

    14. SAFETY BRIEFING: All cadets must attend the monthly safety meetings offered by either the Cadet or Senior Safety Officers. Any cadet who does not participate in regular safety education may have their participation in any Civil Air Patrol activities restricted. One makes up a safety meeting by completing an assignment from the Safety Officer or taking an on-line safety quiz in eServices. Cadet safety briefings are held monthly prior to the monthly PT meeting. Cadets must be safety current in order to promote. 


    1. MEMBERSHIP: Prospective cadets must attend, from start to finish, at least three weekly Squadron meetings. On the third meeting, the Cadet Programs Officer will discuss the application process with the prospect and their parent(s). 

    2. UNIFORMS: Every cadet must follow the uniform guidelines outlined in this SOP and CAPR 39-1 as well as any CAWG or NHQ supplements. Failure to comply may result in disciplinary action. 

    3. FINANCIAL DIFFICULTIES: Cadets with financial difficulties who are unable to afford uniform items or other CAP items may discreetly discuss their needs with their Senior Staff. Simply notify their chain of command. Reasonable help may be provided by the Squadron. The Civil Air Patrol offers a variety of scholarships and financial aid for Group, Wing, and National level activities, such as California Wing’s Cadet Encampment Assistance Program (CEAP) and the national Cadet Invest program. Information regarding scholarships can be requested from Senior Staff. 

    4. ATTEND MEETINGS REGULARLY: All Cadets, Staff included, are expected to attend all squadron meetings and weekend activities. A cadet’s attendance to squadron meetings and activities is the default, and if a cadet is unable to attend a meeting, they will email their Cadet Staff via email or through Teams. The attendance of cadets will be noted by Cadet and Senior Staff. Any discrepancies between the expected attendance and a cadet’s actual attendance will be noted, and considered during promotions. If the absence is considered excused, it will not negatively affect promotions. For cadets with school sports or limited time, cadets may request to store their uniform at the squadron ahead of a meeting where the cadet has little time to prepare. 

    5. MEETING SCHEDULES: Meeting schedules will be planned in advance. Each quarter, Cadet Executive Staff and Senior Staff will review the schedule to determine if it still meets the training needs of the Squadron. 

    6. MEETING TIMES: Squadron meetings are held on Mondays from 1830 – 2100 hours. Cadet Staff will arrive no later than 1820, nor leave earlier than 2110. Excluding specific circumstances, cadet arrival begins at 1830 and cadets are to sign-in, and be outdoors, prepared, for the opening formation held at 1845. 

    7. SQUADRON 23 PROGRAM PROGRESS: It is expected that cadets not only participate actively, but also progress through the cadet program and its leadership development outlined in Squadron, Wing, and National regulations. It is expected that cadets achieve their Curry within 8 weeks of joining Squadron 23. Cadets will work on promotions at their own, self-motivated, pace, and are expected to promote a minimum of three ranks a year. As cadets progress, more is expected of them, both in the leadership expectations outlined in the Cadet Superchart, but also in volunteering for roles and staffing positions within the squadron that are available to them. 

    8. SQUADRON 23 CULTURE: Cadets are expected to bring a positive attitude to the meeting and be ready to participate actively in the unit’s activities, while remaining respectful and kind towards all members. Rudeness, discrimination, bullying, or any other negative action or verbalization is not tolerated in Squadron 23. Such negative conduct will result in corrective action. Severe cases may result termination of membership. 

    9. RESPECTFUL DISSENT: If a cadet has a complaint with a Cadet Staff Member or Senior Member, they are expected to respectfully dissent their grievance at the lowest level of their Chain of Command. If the issue is unable to be resolved at a lower level or with the Member in question, they will respectfully take their complaint up their Chain of Command. If they complaint is serious, or regards a violation of the Cadet Protection Policy mentioned in Chapter 2, they will immediately tell a Senior Member or any trusted adult. No cadet will be punished for properly exercising respectful dissent or filing a complaint; however, it is important that cadets remain respectful and cognizant when exercising these actions. If a cadet jumps the Chain of Command or engages in slander or other severe actions, they may be subject to disciplinary actions, and may negatively impact their promotions.

    10. FLIGHT CLOSING FORMATIONS: The Cadet Staff will inform the cadets during the closing formation what is scheduled for the next meeting, what uniform to prepare, and what equipment to bring; however, it is each cadet’s responsibility to know the meeting schedule and have their uniform prepared regardless. 

    11. MEETING FORMAT: The general monthly meeting schedule will be: 

Week 1: PT, STEM Class, Flight Time: PT Uniform 

Week 2: Element Level Inspection, Leadership Class, Safety Briefing, Formal Drill, Flight Time: ABU 

Week 3: Flight Level Inspection, STEM Activity, Character Development: ABU 

Week 4: Squadron Level Inspection, Leadership Activity, Promotions, Formal Drill, Flight Time: Blues 

Week 5: Special meeting: ABU 

  1. WEEKEND ACTIVITIES: Weekend Activities generally will occur once a month, on the 4th Saturday. The content of these activities is up to Cadet and Senior Staff discretion. 

  2. CAPR 35-3, Paragraph 3 address termination of membership. Cadets may have their membership terminated for a variety of reasons which are addressed in this regulation. 


    1. The Uniform of The Day (UOD) is posted on the Squadron website, on the notice board in squadron headquarters, and will be announced during the closing ceremony of the previous meeting. Cadets are required to have three different uniforms, the ABU, Blues Uniform, and PT uniform. Refer to CAPR 39-1 for further details on the uniform, and grooming standards. 

    2. WEAR THE UNIFORM PROPERLY: Cadets will be taught how to wear their uniforms properly. Cadets will either wear their uniform properly, or will attend the meeting in civilian attire. 

    3. AIRMEN BATTLE UNIFORM (ABU): ABUs will be worn on the 2nd, 3rd, (and 5th) meetings of the month. This uniform consists of the following required elements: 

  • AF digitized tiger stripe blouse (digital camo) 

  • AF digitized tiger stripe pants (digital camo) 

  • USAF ABU cap 

  • Tan crew-neck t-shirt with no visible markings 

  • Highly shined black combat or jump boots 

  • Black socks with no visible markings 

  • Blousing bands 

  • CAP Tape 

  • Name Tape 

  • Cadet Grade Insignia (x2) 

  • Squadron 23 patch 

  1. BLUES SERVICE UNIFORM (CLASS B): The basic dress uniform is the Class B Blue Uniform. It will be worn on the 4th meeting of the month. The Uniform consists of the following elements: 

  • USAF short-sleeve blue shirt 

  • USAF dark blue plants with belt loops 

  • USAF enlisted flight cap for cadets 

  • White V-neck shirt with no visible markings 

  • USAF blue belt with silver buckle and tip 

  • Highly shined black USAF approved dress shoes or oxfords (Corfam is optional for Cadet Officers and required for Color Guard) 

  • Black dress socks with no visible markings 

  • Shirt garters (shirt stays) 

  • CAP Name Tag 

  • Cadet Grade Insignia 

  • CAP ribbons and ribbon rack (optional) 

  1. PT UNIFORM: The PT uniform will be worn on the 1st meeting of the month and will wear the following in regulation gear: 

  • Navy blue running shorts or pants 

  • Tan (ABU) shirt or Squadron PT shirt 

  • Neutrally colored running shoes 

  • White socks 

  • Water (water bottle, CamelBak, etc.) 

  1. INSPECTIONS: Inspections occur three times per month, at the Element level (2nd meeting), Flight level (3rd meeting), then Squadron level (4th meeting). Inspections will review: 

  • Grooming: Haircut, cleanliness, facial hair, etc. 

  • Ironing 

  • Insignia placement 

  • Shoe/Boot Shining 

  • Patch Placement 

  • Boots Bloused 

  • Proper Wear of Uniform (I.e., cap on head correctly, buttons buttoned correctly) 

  • Military Bearing 

  • Chain of Command 

  • Memory Work 

  1. UNIFORM INSIGNIA: Each member is responsible for acquiring the correct insignia to wear in accordance with CAPR 39-1 or CAPR 39-3. At promotion, each member is presented with a set of insignia, required to be returned at the next promotion or if the member allows their membership to lapse. Members may only wear what they are authorized to wear. Insignia will be worn one inch and parallel from the leading edge, and centered on the collar. Cadet Officers have additional requirements for their insignia. Insignia regulations are located in CAPR 39-1

  2. CIVILIAN DRESS CODE: If a cadet does not have the uniform of the day for a meeting or activity, or has an incomplete uniform, the cadet will attend in civilian attire. The components of the civilian dress code are as follows: 

In replacement of the Airmen Battle Uniform (ABU), cadets will wear: 

  • A solid, neutral-toned t-shirt with no graphic design 

  • Blue or black jeans or slacks 

  • Black combat boots (sneakers if not boots) 

In replacement of the Blues Service Uniform (Class B), cadets will wear (Males) 

  • (Ironed) A solid, neutral-toned button-down shirt or polo 

  • (Ironed) Solid, neutral-toned slacks 

  • White socks 

  • Black dress shoes (brown may work as a substitute) 

  • Hair tidy and kempt 

  • (Ironed) A solid, neutral-toned button-down shirt or polo 

  • (Ironed) Solid, neutral toned slacks or a solid, neutral-toned skirt of conservative nature 

  • White socks or solid, sheer black, dark blue, neutral, or matching skin-toned colored hosiery if wearing skirt 

  • Hair in bun as regulated in CAPR 39-1, para 

  • If a cadet is unable to show up in the Uniform of the Day, or in accordance with the civilian dress code, the cadet will inform their Flight Staff ahead of time. 

  1. EQUIPMENT: Cadets are required to bring the following items to every regularly scheduled meeting unless otherwise directed by the Cadet Commander. 

  • Black/Blue pen or pencil 

  • Notepad and/or other note taking material 

  • CAP ID Card 

  • Water (water bottle, CamelBak, etc.) 

  1. GROOMING AND WEIGHT: All members must meet the grooming and weight standards in accordance with CAPR 39-1 in order to wear the USAF style uniforms. Cadets who fail to meet the standards can be excused from activities. In addition, every failure to meet a cadet uniform standard will be noted for a cadet’s promotion. Should cadets have any questions on whether or not they are in accordance with the grooming standards, consult the regulations first, and then go up your chain of command. Generally, members should not wear their hair in an ‘extreme’ style or color, and should present themselves professionally. 

  • Females: Hair ties, pins, barrettes, etc. will be similar to hair color. Do not exceed three inches of hair bulk or prevent proper wear of headgear. Do not allow hair to extend past the collar at the back of the neck. For female cadets with longer hair, they must wear it in a bun or ponytail, as regulated in CAPR 39-1, para 

  • Males: A tapered appearance is required on both sides and back. Hair must not touch the ears or collar or exceed 1 ¼ inches in bulk. Hair will not have any visible foreign items attached to it. 


    1. Cadets are expected to utilize the appropriate customs and courtesies at all times when participating in a Civil Air Patrol event. 

    2. Cadets will stand or sit at attention when addressing a Senior Staff member or a Cadet Staff member until they are put at ease. Likewise, they will stand or sit at attention when addressed by a Cadet Officer or Senior Member. 



  1. GREETINGS: When passing or meeting a Senior Member, Cadet Officer, or NCO, Cadets will issue a verbal greeting such as “good morning Sir/Ma’am/Sergeant” 

  • If addressing an officer outdoors, the greeting will be accompanied by a salute. 

  • If addressing more than one officer, the greeting will be followed by “gentlemen”, “ladies”, or “ladies and gentlemen” for a mixed group (i.e., good afternoon gentlemen). 

  • Officer’s Entrance: When an officer walks into a room, the first Cadet to see the officer calls the room to attention. The Cadets will remain seated at attention until instructed otherwise by the officer. If there is already an officer in the room, only call the room to attention if the approaching officer is of a higher grade (unless a class is in session). The room will be called to attention by the Cadet Sergeant in command at the beginning and end of each class. 

  1. FORMAL REPORTING: The policy for reporting-in is as follows: 

  • Knock once at the door and await instructions to enter. 

  • March in an orderly fashion, executing proper drill movements, until two paces away in front of the staff member or their desk 

  • Salute and state “(Sir/Ma’am/Sergeant), Cadet (their grade and last name), reporting as ordered”. 

  • Drop your salute after your salute is returned by the staff member you are reporting to. 

  • When the meeting is concluded, take one step back, salute, wait for the staff member to return the salute, then execute an about face and exit. 


    1. In order to disseminate information quickly to members, it is expected that all members check their emails and Microsoft Teams at least once a day, and respond within 36 hours. Cadets are required to keep an open line of communication with their Chain of Command and Flight Staff in order to inform them of pertinent information outlined both by their Flight Staff and this SOP. If a cadet fails to do so, disciplinary action may occur, and this oversight may be taken into consideration during the cadet’s next promotion. All communications must adhere to the Cadet Protection “Two Deep Policy” which means any correspondence with a Senior Member must CC either someone on the Cadet Staff or a second Senior Member. 

    2. Cadets may also check the cadet website for pertinent information regarding meetings, activities, and news at 

    3. EMAILS: Emails will be utilized for formal communication between cadets and their Cadet or Senior Staff (i.e., PRB requests, Staff application submissions, project proposals, etc.) 

  • Cadets should send all CAP related correspondence using their email addresses.

  • Email communications will remain formal and consist of professional writing. 

  • When communicating with Cadet Staff, cadets are expected to communicate through their Chain of Command. Cadets will refrain from jumping the Chain of Command, and include necessary Staff Members on their email. 

  • Refer to CAPP 1-2 The CAP Guide to Effective Communication for proper email etiquette. 

  • All email’s should include a proper CAP email signature. Refer to CAP’s Brand Portal for proper format of your email signature block. 

  1. TEAMS: Communications via Microsoft Teams will be utilized for smaller and frequent communications between cadets for squadron communications. Cadets will keep their messages clear. Cadets should have the Teams application installed on their mobile device to communicate. 

  2. TEXT MESSAGING: Communications via SMS messaging can be utilized between members for informal communications. 


    1. Testing and Promotions will be held in STRICT accordance with the guidelines established in CAPR 40-2, CAPR 60-1, and all applicable regulations. 

    2. DRILL TESTS: Drill tests will be taken in person at the squadron. To schedule a drill test, the cadet must email their chain of command a minimum of one week before they wish to take their drill test. Drill tests will be administered by a Cadet NCO or Officer during Flight Time. A Senior Member will always supervise the tests. 

    3. LEADERSHIP TESTS: These tests contain content taken from Civil Air Patrol’s Learn to Lead leadership textbooks. Each test corresponds to one chapter in the book. These tests are open book and must be taken in linear order. Online leadership tests may be taken at any time by the cadet. 

Finding Leadership Tests: 

eservices → Online Learning → Cadet Online Testing → Leadership Tests 

  1. AEROSPACE TESTS: The first six Aerospace tests correspond to Aerospace Dimensions Modules 1 - 6. Aerospace tests may be taken in any order until all tests are completed. Online aerospace tests may be taken at any time by the cadet. 

Finding Aerospace Tests: 

eServices → Online Learning → Cadet Online Testing → Aerospace Tests 

  1. MILESTONE TESTING: Milestone tests for C/SSgt is an cumulative test on all chapters studied in your leadership textbook, and, later for C/2nd Lt and above milestones, on chapters studied in your aerospace textbook. This exam is a closed book, in person, online test, and must be scheduled a minimum of one week in advance by emailing the Deputy Commander for Cadets, and CC-ing their Flight Commander, and the Cadet Commander. 

  2. FAILED TESTS: Upon failing an online test, there is a mandatory seven day waiting period before retaking the test. If a cadet fails the same online or written test twice, they will need to talk to their Flight Commander before retaking their test in order to assess their readiness and the cadet’s general situation. 

  3. PROMOTION REQUIREMENTS: Each promotion has different requirements, but generally all promotions require the following: 

  • A PT Test (within the past 180 days), Leadership Test, Drill Test, and Aerospace Test 

  • Active participation in unit activities (subjective + 75% attendance), a Character Development Forum, and a safety briefing. 

  • Pass a Promotion Review Board (PRB) 

  1. PRB PROCESS: A Promotion Review Board is required for C/A1C and up. Promotion Review Boards will include an inspection of the uniform, recital of the cadet oath and potentially other memory work, questions regarding the cadet’s past success during their time in grade, and other self-reflective questions about their leadership. The main intent of the PRB is to provide the cadet with objective feedback regarding their progress in the program and to describe areas of needed improvement in relation to specific leadership expectations for each phase of the Cadet Program. The Reviewing Cadet Officer will fill out a full CAPF 60-9x with assistant Senior Members and Cadet Officers filling providing their own feedback. This form will be presented to the cadet after the meeting, signed, and then added to their personnel folder at Squadron Headquarters. 

  2. PRB REQUEST: Upon completion of all tasks and confirmation by the Deputy Commander of Cadets, the cadet will email a request for a PRB to their Flight Commander (or direct superior Cadet Officer) a minimum of two weeks out. Once the Promotion Review Board date is set, they will bring their relevant CAPF 60-9x with the “Cadet’s Perspectives” section and header filled out to the next meeting. The board will meet to discuss feedback at this meeting. The cadet will then take their PRB the next meeting. 

  3. PRB MEMBERS: The members of the PRB will consist of no less than two members, but no more than five members: 

The ideal PRB panel for C/1st Lt and above will consist of: 

  • Deputy Commander for Cadets 

  • Leadership Officer 

  • Cadet Commander 

The ideal PRB for C/2nd Lt and below will consist of: 

  • Deputy Commander for Cadets 

  • The cadet’s immediate cadet superior in their Chain of Command (i.e., Flight Sergeant or Flight Commander) 

PRB’s for C/A1C and up will be conducted by the Flight Staff and optionally the First Sergeant. A Cadet Programs Officer will also be present. Milestone PRBs dictate additional Executive Staff. 

  1. FINAL DECISION: The Cadet Commander, then the Squadron Commander has final authority to decide whether a Cadet should be promoted, regardless of what the PRB recommends. 

  2. NON-RECOMMENDATION/RESOLUTION: If the PRB does not recommend the Cadet for promotion (known as being “sustained in grade”), the Cadet will be given specific, measurable tasks to complete to demonstrate their readiness for promotion, and will reappear before the PRB board within six weeks. If that cadet is retained more than once, the board will provide a specific reason(s) to the Senior Member leadership. 


    1. Cadets are expected to memorize all memory work as follows:  

C/Amn: Cadet Oath, Core Values, Honor Code, Unit Chain of Command;  

C/A1C+: The Value of Drill and Ceremonies;  

C/SrA+: The Definition of Military discipline, CAP Chain of Command;  

C/SSgt+: Definition of Leadership and the full chain of command. 

  1. CADET OATH: I pledge that I will serve faithfully in the Civil Air Patrol Cadet Program and that I will attend meetings regularly, participate actively in unit activities, obey my officers, wear my uniform properly and advance my education and training rapidly to prepare myself to be of service to my community, state, and nation. 

  2. CORE VALUES: Integrity, Respect, Volunteer Service, Excellence 

  3. HONOR CODE: On my Honor, as a Civil Air Patrol Cadet of the California Wing, I will not lie, cheat, steal, or commit any act of intentional dishonesty nor tolerate those who do. 

  4. THE VALUE OF DRILL AND CEREMONIES: On the drill field, the individual learns to participate as a member of a team and to appreciate the need for discipline. That is, to respond to authority, to follow orders promptly and precisely, and to recognize the effects of their actions on the group as a whole. Learning to follow is the beginning of leadership. 

  5. THE DEFINITION OF MILITARY DISCIPLINE: Military Discipline is the mental attitude and state of training which renders obedience instinctive under all conditions. It is founded upon respect for and loyalty to properly constituted authority. 

  6. THE DEFINITION OF LEADERSHIP: Leadership is the art of influencing and directing others in a way that will earn their obedience, confidence, respect, and loyal cooperation in achieving a common objective. 

  7. AD ASTRA PER ASPERA: “Ad astra per aspera” is a Latin phrase that translates as “Through hardships to the stars.” It is a reminder that success and achievement often require hard work, perseverance, and dedication. It encourages us to keep pushing forward through difficult times in order to reach our goals and dreams.


Commander in Chief of the United States 

Secretary of Defense

Chairmen of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

Secretary of the Air Force

Air Force Chief of Staff 

Air Combat Command Commander

First Air Force Commander: CAP-USAF Commander

National Commander, CAP

Pacific Coast Region Commander (PCR-001)

California Wing Commander (CA-001)

Group 5 Commander (CA-445)

Unit Commander (CA-016): Unit Deputy Commander for Cadets

Unit Cadet Commander

Flight Commander

Unit First Sergeant

Flight Sergeant

Element Leader

© 2024 Civil Air Patrol. All rights reserved.